Document Detail


Motorsports involvement among adolescents and young adults with childhood ADHD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23347139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at risk for impulsive, health-endangering behavior, few studies have examined nonsubstance, use-related risk-taking behaviors. This study examined whether adolescents and young adults with ADHD histories were more likely than those without ADHD histories to report frequent engagement in motorsports, a collection of risky driving-related activities associated with elevated rates of physical injury. Path analyses tested whether persistent impulsivity, comorbid conduct disorder or antisocial personality disorder (CD/ASP), and heavy alcohol use mediated this association. Analyses also explored whether frequent motorsporting was associated with unsafe and alcohol-influenced driving. Two hundred twenty-one adolescent and young adult males (16-25 years old) diagnosed with ADHD in childhood and 139 demographically similar males without ADHD histories reported their motorsports involvement. Persistent impulsivity, CD/ASP, heavy drinking, and hazardous driving were also measured in adolescence/young adulthood. Adolescents and young adults with ADHD histories were more likely to report frequent motorsports involvement than those without childhood ADHD. Impulsivity, CD/ASP, and heavy drinking partially mediated this association, such that individuals with ADHD histories, who had persistent impulsivity or CD/ASP diagnoses, were more likely to engage in heavy drinking, which was positively associated with frequent motorsporting. Motorsports involvement was associated with more unsafe and alcohol-influenced driving, and this association was more often found among those with, than without, ADHD histories. Adolescents and young adults with ADHD histories, especially those with persisting impulsivity, comorbid CD/ASP and heavy drinking tendencies, are more likely to engage in motorsports, which may heighten risk of injury.
Authors:
Brian T Wymbs; Brooke S G Molina; Katherine A Belendiuk; Sarah L Pedersen; Christine A P Walther; Jee Won Cheong; James S McGinley; Michael P Marshal; Elizabeth M Gnagy; William E Pelham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2013-01-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1537-4424     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-28     Completed Date:  2013-08-16     Revised Date:  2014-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101133858     Medline TA:  J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  220-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking / psychology
Antisocial Personality Disorder / complications,  psychology
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / complications,  psychology*
Automobile Driving / psychology*
Child
Conduct Disorder / complications,  psychology
Humans
Impulsive Behavior / complications,  psychology*
Male
Models, Psychological
Risk Factors
Risk-Taking*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AA00202/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; AA011873/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; DA12414/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K21 AA000202/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA011873/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 DA012414/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R37 AA011873/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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