Document Detail


Motor-vehicle crash fatalities among American Indians and non-Indians in Arizona, 1979 through 1988.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9103112     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the contributions of rural residence, alcohol use, and pedestrian fatalities to the high American Indian motor-vehicle crash mortality rate in Arizona. METHODS: Records from the Fatal Accident Reporting System were used to examine mortality rates between 1979 and 1988. RESULTS: American Indians had increased relative risks in all motor-vehicle crash categories in all residence-gender groups. The percentage of excess mortality associated with alcohol varied from 36.8% to 66.7%, and the percentage associated with pedestrian deaths ranged from 27.2% to 55.4%. CONCLUSIONS: Efforts to reduce excess motor-vehicle crash mortality among American Indians should concentrate on preventing pedestrian and alcohol-related fatalities.
Authors:
D Campos-Outcalt; D Prybylski; A J Watkins; G Rothfus; A Dellapenna
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-14     Completed Date:  1997-04-14     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  282-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Maricopa Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ 85008, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / mortality*
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects,  blood
Arizona / epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Ethnic Groups
Female
Humans
Indians, North American*
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Am J Public Health. 1999 Aug;89(8):1270-1   [PMID:  10432923 ]
Erratum In:
Am J Public Health 1998 May;88(5):820, 1999 May;89(5):785
Am J Public Health 1999 Aug;89(8):1274

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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