Document Detail

Motor schema development in constant practice: the gradient in bimanual juggling with three balls.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20681342     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Motor schemas are very attractive concepts; however, their development and internal structure appear difficult to probe and identify. The present study focuses on the development of a motor schema in constant practice. In four experiments, participants practiced bimanual juggling with three standard balls. During retention tests they were asked to juggle with standard ("practiced") balls and nonstandard ("nonpracticed") balls of different weight, shape, length, and size. Four juggling experiments were carried out. The participants achieved the best results juggling with the practiced balls in three experiments. During one experiment, they achieved better results juggling with nonpracticed balls. However, in all four experiments, a correlation was observed between the number of correct juggling sequences with standard balls and with nonpracticed balls. Scores presented as mean numbers of juggling cycles performed in retention tests revealed a gradient with its peak value for juggling with the practiced balls. In one experiment, the hypothetical gradient slope was steeper; however, a strong correlation between scores for juggling with practiced and nonpracticed balls was noted.
Stanisław Henryk Czyz
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perceptual and motor skills     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0031-5125     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Mot Skills     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-04     Completed Date:  2010-09-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401131     Medline TA:  Percept Mot Skills     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  901-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Sport Didactic, University School of Physical Education, ul. Witelona 25, 51-617 Wrocław, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Performance*
Functional Laterality*
Habituation, Psychophysiologic
Motor Skills*
Practice (Psychology)*
Psychomotor Performance*
Recognition (Psychology)
Retention (Psychology)

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