Document Detail


Motivations to eat are related to diet quality and food intake in overweight and obese, low-income women in early postpartum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20600414     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Healthful dietary practices and a return to prepregnancy weight are of significant importance in the prevention of obesity for women. The Eating Stimulus Index (ESI) was used to determine the relationship between motivations to eat and diet quality and food intake in 115 overweight/obese, low-income women in early postpartum. In this cross-sectional design, participants completed the ESI and food frequency questionnaire. Diet quality was assessed using the Dietary Guidelines Adherence Index. Diet quality was related to greater fruit and vegetable availability, convenience eating resistance, and vegetable taste preference. Women with high fruit and vegetable availability consumed more vegetables, as compared to those with low availability. High convenience eating resistance was associated with lower discretionary energy intakes. High taste preference for vegetables was related to greater intakes of these foods. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that convenience eating resistance was the strongest predictor of diet quality followed by vegetable taste preference, and fruit and vegetable availability. Convenience eating resistance was also the strongest predictor of discretionary energy intake. In conclusion, women who were less vulnerable to environmental eating cues, had greater fruit and vegetable availability, and preferred the taste of vegetables consumed a more healthful diet. Thus, the ESI may be a useful screening tool for the design of personalized weight loss messages in the treatment of obesity.
Authors:
Jodi M Cahill; Jeanne H Freeland-Graves; Bijal S Shah; Hongxing Lu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-13     Completed Date:  2010-12-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  263-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Nutritional Sciences, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, A2700, Austin, TX 78712, USA. jodicahill@austin.rr.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Eating*
Energy Intake
Ethnic Groups
Female
Food Habits*
Fruit / metabolism
Humans
Motivation*
Obesity / prevention & control*
Postpartum Period*
Poverty*
Questionnaires
Vegetables / metabolism
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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