Document Detail

Motivations and barriers to prosthesis users participation in physical activity, exercise and sport: a review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22918902     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background: The UK will host the Paralympics in 2012 and the Commonwealth Games in 2014 showcasing the talents of elite athletes and aiming to inspire the population to become involved. However, low levels of physical activity are prevalent: only 40% of men and 28% of women meet the minimum UK physical activity recommendations. The population of people with limb absence is no exception. Objectives: To determine if people with amputation are participating in physical activity and sport; whether post-amputation activity levels match pre-amputation levels; and if there are motivations and barriers to participation. Study Design: Literature review. Methods: Five reviewers systematically searched all peer reviewed and gray literature in seven bibliographic databases and the Cochrane Library. Results: Following rigorous elimination, 12 articles were finally included in the review and critically appraised. Four themes were identified: components; rehabilitation outcomes; body image; and motivations and barriers to participation. Conclusion: People with limb absence are not participating in physical activity conducive to health benefits, and only a minority participate in exercise and sports. Participation following amputation does not mirror that of pre-amputation levels, and more barriers than motivations exist to adopting or maintaining a physically active lifestyle. Clinical relevance This literature review aims to inform those involved in rehabilitation and ongoing care of those with limb absence about what motivates or precludes their participation in physical activity, exercise and sport. Such knowledge could be applied to improving health and wellbeing in this population.
Sarah Deans; David Burns; Anthony McGarry; Kevin Murray; Nanette Mutrie
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prosthetics and orthotics international     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1746-1553     ISO Abbreviation:  Prosthet Orthot Int     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7707720     Medline TA:  Prosthet Orthot Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  260-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
1University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.
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