Document Detail

Motivational state modulates the hedonic value of food images differently in men and women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17034902     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We investigated visual alimentary alliesthesia in non-fasted (N = 369) and fasted participants (N = 257) viewing photographs of food. Fasted participants were asked to not eat for 12 h before the session. Each participant was shown food and non-food images and rated each image on valence (i.e., pleasantness). The strongest evidence of alliesthesia was found in women. Fasting enhanced the pleasantness of food images for each of the food categories in women, although this alliesthesia effect was smaller in response to dessert foods compared to the less-pleasantly-rated food categories. In addition, non-fasting women exhibited significant positive correlations between hunger ratings and valence ratings of three of the five food categories. There was no significant difference in valence ratings of food between fasting vs. non-fasting men, but non-fasting men showed correlations between hunger and valence that were similar to those observed among the women. No evidence was found of hunger- or fasting-induced enhancement of hedonic ratings of non-foods in women or men, indicating the specificity of the alliesthesia effect for the food images only.
Luke E Stoeckel; James E Cox; Edwin W Cook; Rosalyn E Weller
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-10-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0195-6663     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-15     Completed Date:  2007-04-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, 415 Campbell Hall, 1530 3rd Avenue South AL 35294-1170, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Appetite Regulation / physiology*
Fasting / physiology*,  psychology
Food Preferences
Hunger / physiology
Middle Aged
Photic Stimulation*
Sex Factors
Taste / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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