Document Detail


Motivational basis of personality traits: A meta-analysis of value-personality correlations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25142346     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationships between personality traits and basic value dimensions. Furthermore, we developed novel country-level hypotheses predicting that contextual threat moderates value-personality trait relationships.
METHOD: We conducted a three-level v-known meta-analysis of correlations between big five traits and Schwartz' (1992) ten values involving 9,935 participants from 14 countries. Variations in contextual threat (measured as resource threat, ecological threat and restrictive social institutions) were used as country-level moderator variables.
RESULTS: We found systematic relationships between big five traits and human values that varied across contexts. Overall, correlations between Openness traits and the Conservation value dimension and Agreeableness traits and the Transcendence value dimension were strongest across all samples. Correlations between values and all personality traits (except Extraversion) were weaker in contexts with greater financial, ecological and social threats. In contrast, stronger personality-value links are typically found in contexts with low financial and ecological threats and more democratic institutions and permissive social context. These effects explained on average more than 10% of the variability in value-personality correlations.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide strong support for systematic linkages between personality and broad value dimensions, but also point out that these relations are shaped by contextual factors.
Authors:
Ronald Fischer; Diana Boer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1467-6494     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985194R     Medline TA:  J Pers     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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