Document Detail


Mothers' emotional reactions to crying pose risk for subsequent attachment insecurity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21517171     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Links between maternal emotional reactions to crying (anger and anxiety) and infant attachment security were examined in 119 mother-infant dyads. Mothers rated the intensity of their emotional responses to videotapes of crying infants prenatally. Maternal sensitivity was observed during infant exposure to emotion eliciting tasks at six and 16 months postpartum and mothers' self-reported on their responses to their infant's negative emotions at 16 months. Infant attachment security was assessed using the Strange Situation at 16 months postpartum. Results indicated that observed sensitivity was associated with fewer avoidant and resistant behaviors and prenatal maternal anger and anxiety in response to infant crying predicted the developing attachment system independent of observed sensitivity, but in different ways. Maternal anxiety in response to crying was positively associated with resistant behaviors as a direct effect. Maternal anger in response to crying was associated with avoidant behaviors indirectly through mothers' self-reported punitive and minimizing responses to infant distress at 16 months. Theoretical, applied, and methodological implications are discussed.
Authors:
Esther M Leerkes; Stephanie H Parade; Jessica A Gudmundson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1939-1293     ISO Abbreviation:  J Fam Psychol     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-12     Completed Date:  2012-02-16     Revised Date:  2014-09-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802265     Medline TA:  J Fam Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  635-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Crying / psychology*
Emotions / physiology*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Mother-Child Relations*
Mothers / psychology*
Object Attachment*
Postpartum Period / psychology
Pregnancy
Risk Factors
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R03 HD048691/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R03 HD048691-01/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R03HD048691/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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