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Mothers are not fathers: differences between parents in the reduction of stress levels after a parental intervention in a NICU.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23072502     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: The study examined the effects of a parental intervention to reduce parents' stress levels during the hospitalization of their very preterm infants in a NICU, taking into account possible differences between mothers and fathers. METHODS: Parents of infants born ≤ 32 weeks gestational age were randomly assigned to a standard support group (N = 21) or intervention group (N = 21). The intervention was based both on a joint observation method and infant massage provided by both parents. Parents' stress was assessed by the Parental Stressor Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, after the first week of admission and at the infant's discharge. RESULTS: At discharge, intervention group parents showed significantly lower levels of stress related to infants' appearance/behavior and to parental role alteration than those of the standard support group (p = .000). Overall, mothers reported more stress compared to fathers (p ≤ .05). The intervention was effective in reducing the stress-role alteration in mothers (p < .05), but not in fathers. CONCLUSIONS: Mothers reported more stress compared to fathers, above all for parental role alteration. A parental intervention was effective in reducing stress-role alteration in mothers, but not fathers. Parental interventions should take into account that help for fathers could be different from help for mothers. ©2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica ©2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Authors:
Simona Matricardi; Rocco Agostino; Claudia Fedeli; Rosario Montirosso
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Affiliation:
NICU, Fatebenefratelli - San Giovanni Calibita Hospital, Roma, Italy.
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