Document Detail

Mother's anxiety and depression during the third pregnancy trimester and neonate's mother versus stranger's face/voice visual preference.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20663619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Neonates show visual preference for their mother's face/voice and shift their attention from their mother to a stranger's face/voice after habituation.
AIM: To assess neonate's mother versus stranger's face/voice visual preference, namely mother's anxiety and depression during the third pregnancy trimester and neonate's: 1) visual preference for the mother versus the stranger's face/voice (pretest visual preference), 2) habituation to the mother's face/voice and 3) visual preference for the stranger versus the mother's face/voice (posttest visual preference).
METHOD: Mothers (N=100) filled out the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the State Anxiety Inventory (STAI) both at the third pregnancy trimester and childbirth, and the "preference and habituation to the mother's face/voice versus stranger" paradigm was administered to their newborn 1 to 5 days after childbirth.
RESULTS: Neonates of anxious/depressed mothers during the third pregnancy trimester contrarily to neonates of non-anxious/non-depressed mothers did not look 1) longer at their mother's than at the stranger's face/voice at the pretest visual preference (showing no visual preference for the mother), nor 2) longer at the stranger's face/voice in the posttest than in the pretest visual preference (not improving their attention to the stranger's after habituation).
CONCLUSION: Infants exposed to mother's anxiety/depression at the third gestational trimester exhibit less perceptual/social competencies at birth.
Bárbara Figueiredo; Alexandra Pacheco; Raquel Costa; Ana Conde; César Teixeira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-23     Completed Date:  2010-12-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  479-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / psychology*
Depressive Disorder / psychology*
Habituation, Psychophysiologic / physiology
Infant Behavior*
Infant, Newborn
Mother-Child Relations*
Mothers / psychology*
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Recognition (Psychology) / physiology*
Visual Perception / physiology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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