Document Detail

Mothers' and Fathers' Reports of Stress in Families of Infants with and without Single-Suture Craniosynostosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21235342     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Objective: Compare relative levels of stress reported by mothers and fathers in families containing infants with and without single suture craniosynostosis (SSC). Design/Participants: Mothers and fathers of 246 infants with recently-diagnosed SSC and 253 frequency-matched control infants completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI) just prior to their infant's cranioplastic surgery. Family demographic information and mothers' ratings of the severity of their child's SSC were obtained. Results: Average Parent Domain scores for parents of infants with SSC differed little from those reported by parents of control infants; however, Child Domain scores among parent of infants with SSC were higher on some subscales, primarily related to unexpected infant health and appearance issues. In both groups, fathers reported higher Child Domain stress than mothers; mothers reported higher Parent Domain stress. Case mothers reported greater stress if they perceived their child's condition as more noticeable to others. Conclusions: Prior to cases' cranioplastic surgery, parents of children with and without SSC reported similar levels of stress in relation to their parenting roles and the behavioral characteristics of their infants. Visibility of condition should be considered a risk for increased stress for mothers of infants with SSC. Stress differences between mothers and fathers were far more discernible than those associated with the presence or absence of SSC. Key words: craniosynostosis; parenting stress; infancy; craniofacial condition.
Janine M Rosenberg; Kathleen A Kapp-Simon; Jacqueline R Starr; Mary Cradock; Matthew L Speltz
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1545-1569     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102566     Medline TA:  Cleft Palate Craniofac J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a University of Illinois of Chicago Medical Center.
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