Document Detail

Mother knows best: effects of maternal modelling on the acquisition of fear and avoidance behaviour in toddlers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11863238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study was conducted to investigate the influence of parental modelling on the acquisition of fear and avoidance towards novel, fear-relevant stimuli in a sample of 30 toddlers. The toddlers were shown a rubber snake and spider, which were alternately paired with either negative or positive facial expressions by their mothers. Both stimuli were presented again after a 1- and a 10-min delay, while mothers maintained a neutral expression. The children showed greater fear expressions and avoidance of the stimuli following negative reactions from their mothers. This was true for both genders although the degree of modelled avoidance was greater in girls than in boys. The strong observational learning results are consistent with views that modelling constitutes a mechanism by which fear may be acquired early in life.
Friederike C Gerull; Ronald M Rapee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behaviour research and therapy     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0005-7967     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Res Ther     Publication Date:  2002 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-26     Completed Date:  2002-04-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372477     Medline TA:  Behav Res Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / etiology*,  psychology
Avoidance Learning*
Child Psychology
Facial Expression
Fear / psychology*
Mothers / psychology*

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