Document Detail

Mother-infant and father-infant attachment among alcoholic families.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12030691     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined the association between fathers' alcoholism and other risk factors such as parental depression, family conflict, infant temperament, and parent-infant attachment. The quality of parent-infant interactions was hypothesized to be a proximal mediator of the associations among alcoholism and other risk factors and attachment. The participants were 223 families (104 nonalcoholic families and 119 alcoholic families) with 12-month-old infants recruited through birth records. Infants in families with two parents with alcohol problem had significantly higher rates of insecure attachment with both parents. Structural Equations Modeling indicated that the fathers' alcohol problem was associated with lower paternal sensitivity (higher negative affect, lower positive engagement, and lower sensitive responding) during father-infant play interactions, and this in tum was associated with higher risk for infant attachment insecurity with fathers. The association between the fathers' alcohol problem and infant attachment security with the mother was mediated by matemal depression, and matemal alcohol problems and family conflict were associated with maternal sensitivity during play interactions. These results indicate that the fathers' alcoholism is associated with higher family risk including the quality of the parent-infant relationship; infant attachment develops in a family context; and this context has a significant association with attachment security.
Rina Das Eiden; Ellen Peterson Edwards; Kenneth E Leonard
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Development and psychopathology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0954-5794     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev. Psychopathol.     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-27     Completed Date:  2002-12-19     Revised Date:  2014-09-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8910645     Medline TA:  Dev Psychopathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alcoholism / psychology*
Antisocial Personality Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology
Child of Impaired Parents / psychology*
Child, Preschool
Conflict (Psychology)
Depression / psychology
Father-Child Relations*
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Mother-Child Relations*
New York
Object Attachment*
Reactive Attachment Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology
Risk Factors
Grant Support
1K21DA00231-01A1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; 1R01 AA 10042-01A1/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA010042/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA010042-15/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS

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