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Mosquito Net Mesh for Abdominal Wall Hernioplasty: A Comparison of Material Characteristics with Commercial Prosthetics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23340707     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The use of sterilized mosquito net as a cheaper alternative to commercial mesh used in hernia repair has previously been published. However, as no standards with regard to the material have been documented, we aimed to define the characteristics of a commonly available and low-cost mosquito net, which has already been shown to be clinically efficacious in groin hernia repair. We compared its characteristics to other commercially available meshes, in keeping with the well-established FDA and MHRA regulatory processes. METHODS: The macromolecular structure of the mosquito net was determined by vibrational spectroscopy. The ultrastructure of the meshes was examined with scanning electron microscopy, and uniaxial and burst tensile strength testing was performed. The following parameters were assessed: polymer type, filament characteristics, pore size, weight, linear density, elasticity, and tensile strength. RESULTS: The mosquito net was a polyethylene homopolymer, knitted from monofilament fibers with a mean filament diameter of 109.7 μm and a mean mesh thickness of 480 μm. The mean pore maximum diameter was 1.9 mm, with 91.2 % porosity, 53.7 g/m(2) mean mesh weight, and a linear mass density of 152 denier. This was comparable to the "large pore" (class I) commercial meshes. The bursting force for polyethylene mosquito net was greater than for UltraPro and Vypro (43.0 vs. 35.5 and 27.2 N/cm, respectively), and the mosquito net exhibited less anisotropy compared to the commercial meshes. CONCLUSIONS: The material and mechanical properties of the polyethylene mosquito net are substantially equivalent to those of commonly used lightweight commercial meshes.
Authors:
David L Sanders; Andrew N Kingsnorth; Brian M Stephenson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2323     ISO Abbreviation:  World J Surg     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704052     Medline TA:  World J Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro, TR1 3LJ, UK, dsanders@doctors.org.uk.
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