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Mortality patterns of Australian male farmers and farm managers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21771158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective:  To compare the all-cause and specific-cause death rates of Australian male farmers and farm managers aged 25-74 years, with other Australian men. Methods:  Data were extracted from the Australian Bureau of Statistics Death Registration Collection covering the calendar years of 1999-2002. Denominator data for male farmers and farm managers were drawn from the 2001 Australian Population Census. Direct age-standardized death rates were calculated and compared with the general Australian male population. Results:  The 4025 male farmers or farm managers who died in this period represented 3.35% of all male deaths in the 25-74 year age range. The all-cause death rate for farmers and farm managers (730/100 000) was 33% higher than that of the Australian male population of the same age (549/100 000) (standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 1.33). Causes of death related to neoplasms (SMR = 1.37), circulatory disease (SMR = 1.40) and all external causes (SMR = 1.37), were all statistically higher than the comparison population. Within these groupings, ischaemic heart disease (SMR = 1.39), other circulatory disease (SMR = 1.42), prostate cancer (SMR = 2.40), lymphohaematopoietic cancer (SMR = 1.80) and transport injuries (SMR = 2.06), were all significantly higher. Conclusion:  These data indicate that Australian male farmers and farm managers are a disadvantaged group in terms of health status. The elevated rates of all-cause and specific-cause mortality compared with the Australian comparison population, illustrate both the need and scope for further investigation of these issues.
Authors:
Lyn Fragar; Julie Depczynski; Tony Lower
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Australian journal of rural health     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1440-1584     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust J Rural Health     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305903     Medline TA:  Aust J Rural Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-84     Citation Subset:  N    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Australian Journal of Rural Health © National Rural Health Alliance Inc.
Affiliation:
Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety, University of Sydney, Moree, New South Wales, Australia.
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