Document Detail

Mortality from childhood stroke in England and Wales, 1921-2000.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19951935     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Stroke is an important but under-recognised cause of childhood mortality. The authors aimed to describe the trends in mortality from childhood stroke in England and Wales between 1921 and 2000. DESIGN: The study searched the Office for National Statistics mortality database for the years 1921-2000 using appropriate, previously validated International Classification of Diseases codes. Mortality rates were analysed by period of death, gender, age at death, birth cohort and stroke subtype. RESULTS: 6029 deaths from childhood stroke were found between 1921 and 2000. Analysis by period of death demonstrated an initial decline in mortality followed by a steep rise in the 1940s. Subsequently, rates declined from the late 1960s onwards. At all time points males had a higher mortality rate than females. Infants had a relatively high mortality rate (24.5 per million person years) but rates fell steeply in early childhood (2.5 per million person years at age 5-9 years) before rising again in late adolescence (7.5 per million person years at age 15-19 years). An increased rate was found for males at all ages (RR = 1.24, p<0.0001) but was greatest in infancy (RR = 1.45, p<0.0001). Haemorrhagic stroke accounted for 71% of stroke deaths. Birth cohort analysis showed a trend of declining mortality with each successive generation since the 1950s. CONCLUSIONS: This study describes characteristics and temporal changes in childhood stroke mortality in the 20(th) century. In particular, the higher mortality rates in males and infants, the importance of deaths from haemorrhagic stroke and the finding of a decline in birth cohort mortality since the 1950s provide aetiological insights.
A A Mallick; V Ganesan; F J K O'Callaghan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-12-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1468-2044     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-30     Completed Date:  2010-01-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372434     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Institute of Child Life and Health, University of Bristol, Level 6, UHB Education Centre, Upper Maudlin Street, Bristol BS2 8AE, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Child, Preschool
Databases, Factual
England / epidemiology
Infant, Newborn
International Classification of Diseases
Mortality / trends
Sex Distribution
Stroke / mortality*
Wales / epidemiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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