Document Detail


Mortality from brain tumor and other causes in a cohort of petrochemical workers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6571925     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To evaluate a suspected excess of deaths due to brain tumor (BT) among petrochemical workers, a retrospective cohort mortality study was conducted among 7,595 men ever employed at a plant in Texas City, Texas, between 1941 and 1977. Among hourly employees, overall mortality was lower than expected from U.S. national rates [standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 79]. However, 19 BT deaths (International Classification of Diseases, seventh revision, codes 193, 223, and 237) among hourly employees were observed as against 9.6 expected (SMR = 198), and with extension of the analysis to include BT deaths occurring in 1978 and 1979, 22 deaths were observed versus 10.7 expected (SMR = 206). Fifteen years or more after being hired, 19 of these workers died from BT versus 7.2 expected (SMR = 263), and the standardized mortality ratios increased with duration of employment to 377 for hourly workers who had worked over 20 years. Although nonoccupational etiologies cannot be dismissed, these data suggest an occupational etiology for certain BT deaths in petrochemical workers.
Authors:
R J Waxweiler; V Alexander; S S Leffingwell; M Haring; J W Lloyd
Related Documents :
15957995 - Neonatal death after hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy: does a postmortem add to the fin...
2858005 - National post-perinatal infant mortality and cot death study, scotland 1981-82.
18793005 - Population-level influence of rheumatoid arthritis on mortality and recent trends: a mu...
12673265 - Causes of nursery death beyond the neonatal period.
16452345 - Shortcomings in infant iron deficiency screening methods.
21742425 - Does maternal autonomy influence feeding practices and infant growth in rural india?
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the National Cancer Institute     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0027-8874     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Natl. Cancer Inst.     Publication Date:  1983 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-03-11     Completed Date:  1983-03-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503089     Medline TA:  J Natl Cancer Inst     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  75-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brain Neoplasms / mortality*
Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
Continental Population Groups
Female
Humans
Male
Mortality*
Neoplasms / mortality*
Occupational Diseases / mortality
Occupations*
Petroleum*
Risk
Texas
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Petroleum

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Androgen stimulation of gross cystic disease fluid protein and carcinoembryonic antigen in patients ...
Next Document:  Loss of heterozygosity in cultured human tumor cell lines.