Document Detail


Mortality due to gastroenteritis of unknown etiology in the United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12552428     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Gastroenteritis of unknown etiology (GUE) is a significant cause of mortality in the United States. In the present study, the demographic and medical characteristics of people who died of GUE were examined, using the 1995-1997 Multiple Cause of Death files to calculate GUE death rates and proportionate mortality ratios. There were 13,153 GUE deaths during the period, or approximately 4400 deaths per year. Death rates were highest among infants and elderly persons, especially nursing home residents, and increased during the winter months. Compared with all decedents, GUE decedents were more likely to have certain other medical conditions, including bacteremia, volume depletion, renal failure, and human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Fatal GUE often appeared to be infectious in origin, but death certificates provide insufficient information to determine whether the causative agents were unknown or foodborne. The accuracy of GUE reporting on death certificates and the etiology of fatal GUE merit further investigation.
Authors:
Paul D Frenzen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2003-01-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of infectious diseases     Volume:  187     ISSN:  0022-1899     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-28     Completed Date:  2003-03-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413675     Medline TA:  J Infect Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  441-52     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Economic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20036, USA. pfrenzen@ers.usda.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Cause of Death
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Gastroenteritis / complications,  epidemiology,  etiology*,  mortality*
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Seasons
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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