Document Detail

Mortality associated with the use of upper-body control holds by police.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2275899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A review of police records for the nine-year period from 1974 to 1982 identified 20 men who died following restraint by an upper-body control hold while in the custody of a large, urban police department. Using evidence from autopsy findings and police reports of events immediately preceding death, we concluded that control-hold use was associated with death in 19 of the 20 cases. This investigation points to three factors potentially associated with control hold-related death that deserve further investigation: Phencyclidine (PCP) use, sickle cell trait, and stress-related arrhythmias in the heart. PCP was detected in blood or other tissues from 6 of 17 decedents tested. Intravascular red blood cell sickling was found at autopsy in 4 of 14 black decedents (29%). Four decedents had some indication of cardiovascular abnormalities.
J A Mercy; C W Heath; M L Rosenberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Violence and victims     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0886-6708     ISO Abbreviation:  Violence Vict     Publication Date:  1990  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-03-06     Completed Date:  1991-03-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8916436     Medline TA:  Violence Vict     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  215-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Injury Epidemiology and Control, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333.
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MeSH Terms
Alcoholism / complications
Anemia, Sickle Cell / complications
Cause of Death
Criminal Law / standards*
Middle Aged
Phencyclidine / adverse effects
Restraint, Physical / adverse effects*,  methods
Substance-Related Disorders / complications
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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