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Mortality among foreign nationals in chiang mai city, Thailand, 2010 to 2011.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23379701     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Up to 65% of travelers to less developed countries report health problems while traveling. International travel is an increasing concern for health practitioners. To date, there have not been any published analyses of mortality amongst foreign nationals visiting Thailand. Our objectives are to examine the magnitude and characterize the deaths among foreign nationals in Chiang Mai, a popular tourist province in Thailand.
METHODS: The study commenced with a review of the Thai death registration. Death certificates were retrieved, reviewed, and classified by the causes of death. Basic statistics and proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) were used to describe the pattern of deaths. Standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was used to assess the excess mortality risk among foreign nationals.
RESULTS: Between January 1, 2010 and May 31, 2011, there were 1,295 registered deaths in Chiang Mai City, of which 102 records (7.9%) were foreign nationals. Median age of decedents was 64 years (range 14-102 y). Female-to-male ratio was 1 : 5.4. The highest mortality was among Europeans (45.1%). Most of the deaths were natural causes (89.2%) including 36 cardiac diseases (PMR = 35.3) and 20 malignancy diseases (PMR = 19.6). Deaths due to external causes were low. The SMRs range between 0.15 and 0.30.
CONCLUSION: Communicable diseases and injuries were not the leading causes of death among foreign nationals visiting Chiang Mai, Thailand. It is essential that travelers are aware of mortality risk associated with their underlying diseases and that they are properly prepared to handle them while traveling.
Authors:
Vichan Pawun; Surasing Visrutaratna; Kumnuan Ungchusak; Suteerat Mahasing; Chosita Khumtalord; Siriying Tipsriraj; Chalermpol Chenwittaya; Thomas E Guadamuz; Stephen R Wisniewski
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of travel medicine     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1708-8305     ISO Abbreviation:  J Travel Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9434456     Medline TA:  J Travel Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  334-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 International Society of Travel Medicine.
Affiliation:
Department of Disease Control, Bureau of General Communicable Disease, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand; Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH), Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
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