Document Detail

Mortality among female industrial workers in Iceland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14757908     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: The aim was to describe the mortality pattern among unskilled female industrial workers with the hypothesis that they were disadvantaged compared to other women and that smoking-related causes of death were in excess among them. METHODS: The study group comprised 13349 women who had contributed at any time to a pension fund for unskilled industrial workers in Reykjavik during the time period 1970-1995. The follow-up was from 1975 to 1995. The death rate of the study group was compared to that of women in the general population during the time period 1981-1995. The study group was studied with regard to selected causes of death, by age at first entrance into the pension fund, different lag-time, and by employment-time. RESULTS: Results showed an excess of external causes but a deficit of most other causes of death, among those smoking related diseases. The high mortality by external causes was consistent in all the analyses. Standardised mortality ratio (SMR) for external causes in the total group was 1.79 (95% CI 1.45-2.19), for lung cancer 1.04 (95% CI 0.80-1.34) and for ischemic heart disease 0.77 (95% CI 0.65-0.91). Mortality was highest among those who started to pay in the pension fund at younger ages. CONCLUSIONS: The notable excess of external causes in the group needs further exploration. The results did not confirm the hypothesis that smoking-related causes of death were in excess in the group. Methodological problems related to studies on women workers are discussed.
Holmfridur K Gunnarsdottir; Kristinn Tomasson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Work (Reading, Mass.)     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1051-9815     ISO Abbreviation:  Work     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-03     Completed Date:  2004-04-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204382     Medline TA:  Work     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Research and Occupational Health, Administration of Occupational Safety and Health, Bildshoefdi 16, 110 Reykjavik, Iceland.
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death*
Iceland / epidemiology
Industry / manpower*
Lung Neoplasms / mortality
Myocardial Ischemia / mortality
Social Class

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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