Document Detail

Morphometry of the internal thoracic arteries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9787389     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The surgical significance of the internal thoracic arteries (ITA's) in procedures such as coronary artery bypass grafting, transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps and minimal incision direct coronary artery bypass surgery is well recognised. However, the detailed morphometry of these vessels is not well documented. This study aimed to detail the morphometry of the ITA's. Morphometric analysis of these vessels from post mortem en-bloc specimens, consisting of aortic arch, great vessels and ITA's with anterior chest wall was conducted on 62 adults. The mean lengths and diameters of the ITA's at the origin, costal cartilage levels and termination were: length of the right ITA, 18.05 +/- 0.6 cm and the left, 18.085 +/- 0.6 cm. The average diameters recorded at the origin, first costal cartilage, fourth costal cartilage and termination were: right: 3.24 +/- 0.5 mm; 2.85 +/- 0.4 mm; 2.33 +/- 0.6 mm; 1.98 +/- 0.2 mm and left: 3.05 +/- 0.4 mm, 2.67 +/- 0.3 mm; 2.22 +/- 0.3 mm; 1.92 +/- 0.2 mm respectively. Morphometry of the ITA's are detailed. There was no significant difference in length between right and left ITA's although differences between the race groups were demonstrated. Significant differences in diameters in sides and race exist.
N Lachman; K S Satyapal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0930-1038     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Radiol Anat     Publication Date:  1998  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-12-21     Completed Date:  1998-12-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608029     Medline TA:  Surg Radiol Anat     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  243-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Human Biology, Technikon Natal, Durban, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Continental Population Groups
Mammary Arteries / anatomy & histology*
Middle Aged
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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