Document Detail

Morphometric characterization of sexual differences in the rat sublingual gland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15273787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The presence of morphological differences in the sublingual gland of male and female adult rats was determined by morphometry. Absolute and relative glandular mass was 21% lower and 31% higher, respectively, in females than in males. The fractions of glandular volume occupied by the mixed acini, intercalated ducts and striated ducts did not differ significantly between genders; however, their absolute volume was respectively 29, 42 and 58% higher in males. Despite the differences in the volume of these morphological compartments, the number of cells did not differ significantly between genders, except for the excretory duct compartment, for which a larger number was observed in males. With respect to cell volume, 13, 33 and 47% higher volumes were observed in males for mucous acinar cells and striated and excretory duct cells, respectively, while a 38% higher volume of serous demilune cells was observed for females. The surface-to-volume ratio of acini and striated ducts was respectively 16 and 35% higher in females. Based on these results, we conclude that the sublingual gland of female rats possesses smaller acini, and shorter ducts whose caliber is narrower, smaller mucous acinar and larger serous cells than the ones found in the male gland, indicating the presence of sexual dimorphism as well as suggesting sexual differences in the quality of the secreted product.
Marta da Cunha Lima; Dagoberto Sottovia-Filho; Tania Mary Cestari; Rumio Taga
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-07-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brazilian oral research     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1806-8324     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:    2004 Jan-Mar
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-26     Completed Date:  2005-02-17     Revised Date:  2007-05-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101307187     Medline TA:  Braz Oral Res     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-8     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Biological Sciences, School of Dentistry of Bauru, University of São Paulo.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Rats, Wistar
Sex Characteristics*
Sublingual Gland / anatomy & histology*,  cytology,  ultrastructure

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