Document Detail

Morphology and physiological changes of genital skin and mucosa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21325836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The morphology and physiology of both the vulva and vagina undergo characteristic age-related changes over a lifetime. At birth, these tissues exhibit the effects of residual maternal estrogens. During puberty, the vulva and vagina mature under the influence of adrenal and gonadal steroid hormones. During the reproductive years, the vagina responds to ovarian steroid hormone cycling, and both tissues adapt to the needs of pregnancy and delivery. Following menopause, the vulva and vagina atrophy. A rise in the prevalence of incontinence among older women increases the risk of vulvar and perineal dermatitis. This chapter covers the morphology and physiology of the genital area from infancy to old age.
Miranda A Farage; Howard I Maibach
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-02-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current problems in dermatology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1662-2944     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Probl. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147371     Medline TA:  Curr Probl Dermatol     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9-19     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Feminine Care Clinical Sciences, Procter and Gamble Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
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