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Morphological and morphometric study on human Scarpa ganglion development.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23350596     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Conclusion: In Scarpa neurons the cell and nuclear area increases and nuclear/cytoplasm ratio decreases with fetal age (p < 0.0001). There are statistically significant differences in cell area between all fetal groups, except for the interval 45-74 mm crown-rump-length (CRL). Displacement of a neuron within the internal auditory meatus (IAM) occurs from 9 weeks in the fetus until the neonate. Methods: A light microscopic histomorphometric study of the Scarpa ganglion in human fetuses from spontaneous abortions measuring 45, 74, 90, 134, 145 and 270 mm CRL and a from a 1-day-old neonate (360 mm) was carried out. Cell and nuclear area, ganglion area and distances from the Scarpa ganglion neurons to the endocranial porus of the IAM were measured. Results: In the 45, 74, 90 and 134 mm CRL human fetuses the cartilaginous labyrinthine capsule appears divided by the facial nerve and the Scarpa ganglion into two compartments: rostral and dorsal. Ovoidal Scarpa ganglion in the 45 mm CRL lies within the IAM near its endocranial porus (15 µm). In the otic capsule of the 145 mm CRL fetus an endochondral ossification appears in the IAM base, where Scarpa ganglion neurons are displayed in two groups: superior and inferior divided by a vascular-connective septum. This anatomy remains from this specimen until the neonate specimen.
Authors:
Ana Sanchez Del Rey; Jose M Sánchez Fernández; Nuria Gutierrez; Agustin Martínez; Francisco Santaolalla Montoya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta oto-laryngologica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2251     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Otolaryngol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370354     Medline TA:  Acta Otolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Otorhinolaryngology Department, School of Medicine, University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHU , Bilbao, Vizcaya , Spain.
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