Document Detail

Morphological features of cells along Marx's line of the marginal conjunctiva of the human eyelid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22830496     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper was to assess the morphological features of cells stained with rose Bengal along the human eyelid marginal zone (Marx's line). METHODS: Impression cytology (IC) specimens were taken using a Millicell-CM filter unit placed across Marx's line of the lower eyelid of 10 healthy male adults (aged 18 to 57 years). In vivo staining with rose Bengal was used in some subjects to highlight the line. The filters were stained with Giemsa. Cell and nucleus areas and dimensions were measured and nucleo-cytoplasmic ratios estimated using different calculations. RESULTS: The width of the Marx's line was up to 0.3 mm. The impression cytological specimens included three to eight lines of squamous-appearing cells. The cells had average cell areas ranging from 702 to 1,119 μm(2) (group mean and SD of 894 ± 136 μm(2) ). Most cells (average 93 ± 4 per cent) contained a nucleus but with sizes from 3 to 124 μm(2) including a proportion (40 per cent) of pyknotic nuclei. The average nuclear areas ranged from 13.7 to 57.9 μm(2) , with a group mean area of 37.0 ± 15.0 μm(2) . Nucleus-to-cytoplasm ratios were typical of squamous cells with NUCYT (area of nucleus / cell area - area of nucleus) mean values of 0.046 ± 0.017, while the CYT/NUC (cell length - length of nucleus / length of nucleus) was 5.85 ± 1.55. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results indicate that cells along the Marx's line are moderate-sized squamous cells with nuclei smaller than in normal bulbar conjunctival cells or pyknotic (shrunken) or the cells may be anucleate.
Michael J Doughty
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical & experimental optometry : journal of the Australian Optometrical Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1444-0938     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703442     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Optom     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Author; Clinical and Experimental Optometry © 2012 Optometrists Association Australia.
Department of Vision Sciences, Glasgow-Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow, Scotland.
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