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Morphofunctional Evaluation of the Heart of Obese Patients Before and After Bariatric Surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21544697     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the effect of weight loss on the physical capacity and the structure and function of the heart after bariatric surgery. METHODS: Forty-three adult obese patients, 31 women (72.1%) and 12 men (27.9%), were submitted to electrocardiogram, ergometric test, and echo Doppler cardiogram at presurgical stage and 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The statistical analysis utilized the Wilcoxon, Student's t, and Shapiro-Wilk tests with 5% significance level. RESULTS: Weight was reduced from 116.5 ± 21.5 to 80 ± 15.9 kg and body mass index from 41.8 ± 4.4 to 28.4 ± 3.8 kg/m(2). Cardiac frequency was reduced from 77.9 ± 9.6 to 70.9 ± 7.8 bpm, systolic pressure from 130 ± 20 to 120 ± 10 mmHg, and diastolic pressure from 80 ± 10 to 80 ± 0 mmHg. Ergometric tests showed distance covered from 378.9 ± 126.5 to 595 ± 140.4 m, metabolic coefficient from 6.7 ± 2.4 to 8.3 ± 2.6 ml O(2)/kg/min, and oxygen consumption (VO(2)) from 23.1 ± 8.4 to 30 ± 10.3 metabolic equivalents of task. The echo Doppler cardiogram showed interventricular septum from 12 ± 2 to 10 ± 1 mm, posterior wall from 11 ± 2 to 10 ± 1 mm, and ventricular mass from 273 ± 85 to 216 ± 60 g. There was improvement in the diastolic function with an increase in the E'/A' and E/A relationship and the ejection fraction with an increase from 70.2 ± 7.2% to 72.9 ± 6.4%. CONCLUSIONS: Bariatric surgery improved physical capacity as well as structural and functional improvement of the heart.
Authors:
Antonio Carlos Valezi; Vitor Hugo Soares Machado
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1708-0428     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9106714     Medline TA:  Obes Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, State University of Londrina, 777 Santos Street, Londrina, PR, 86020-041, Brazil, valezi@sercomtel.com.br.
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