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Morning hypertension determined by self-measurement at home predicts left ventricular hypertrophy in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22607570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between blood pressure (BP, mm Hg) measured by patients in the morning at home and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which is a strong predictor for morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We recorded self-measured morning BPs and BPs measured at hospital check-ups (hospital BPs) in 33 patients undergoing CAPD (mean age, 64.0 years) and compared them with left ventricular mass (LVM) derived from echocardiographic examinations. The mean morning BP was 137/75, the mean hospital BP was 140/80, and the mean LVM (g/m(2.7) : corrected by height) was 61.8. Of the subjects, 72.7% had LVH (LVM > 51). The morning BP (systolic) was positively correlated with LVM (P = 0.0022, R = 0.508), and the hospital BP (systolic) was weakly correlated (P = 0.0534, R = 0.339). The adjusted odds ratio for LVH was significantly higher in patients with a morning BP (systolic) ≥ 135 (15.9; 95% CI, 1.3 to 198.5) than in patients with a morning BP (systolic) < 135. In conclusion, morning hypertension determined with self-measured BP was positively correlated with LVH, therefore self BP monitoring could be a useful method to predict LVH in CAPD patients.
Authors:
Hiroyuki Terawaki; Toru Shoda; Makoto Ogura; Jun Mitome; Hiroyasu Yamamoto; Keitaro Yokoyama; Tatsuo Hosoya
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-03-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis : official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1744-9987     ISO Abbreviation:  Ther Apher Dial     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101181252     Medline TA:  Ther Apher Dial     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  260-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis © 2012 International Society for Apheresis.
Affiliation:
Division of Kidney and Hypertension Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
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