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More precise diagnosis of access stenosis: ultrasonography versus angiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22266595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose: Patency of mature vascular access for hemodialysis is mostly limited by the growing stenoses leading to acute access thrombosis. The therapy of choice is usually percutaneous balloon angioplasty (PTA). However, PTA injures the vessel wall and subsequent re-stenosis develops faster than de novo stenosis. Therefore, the key is in appropriate timing of PTA procedures - as late as possible but before access thrombosis develops. Ultrasonography combines the morphologic and functional access assessment, but the former is less precise than angiography. The aim of this study was to compare ultrasonographic and angiographic measuring of residual diameter as the additional criterion of significant stenoses used in our center. Methods: Residual diameter of significant stenoses was measured by B-mode ultrasonography three times in 20 patients. All the patients were indicated for angiography and the residual diameter of the stenoses was re-analyzed by this method. The repeatability of ultrasonographic residual diameter measurements and reproducibility in comparison to angiography were expressed by coefficients of variation (CV). Results: The residual diameter was 1.69 ± 0.05 mm by ultrasound and 1.65 ± 0.59 mm measured by angiography. In the ultrasound repeatability study, CV was 3.17 ± 2.76% and in the reproducibility study CV was 18.0 ± 15.6%. All the stenoses found to be significant by ultrasound were above 65% by angiography and PTA was performed. Conclusions: Ultrasonographic measurement of the residual diameter is stable in experienced hands and is well comparable to angiography results. These findings advocate residual diameter of 2.0 mm as the strong additional criterion of the significant stenoses, which can also be used in ultrasound surveillance of arteriovenous grafts.
Jaroslav Kudlicka; Jan Kavan; Vladimir Tuka; Jan Malik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of vascular access     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1724-6032     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100940729     Medline TA:  J Vasc Access     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  0     Citation Subset:  -    
Third Department of Internal Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague - Czech Republic.
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