Document Detail


More a plowshare than a sword: the legacy of US Cold War agricultural diplomacy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19618529     Owner:  HMD     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recently, agriculture has assumed an elevated role in world diplomacy due to pressing issues like international poverty relief, changing environmental conditions, farm trade imbalances, rising food prices, and the diversion of crops into bio-fuel production. Consequently, agricultural interests and production have become increasingly entwined with the politics of national protectionism and identity, domestic security, and the preservation of trading advantage in developed and developing countries alike. This study examines the current impasse in world agricultural negotiations as an outgrowth of US foreign aid and trade policymaking as it evolved during the Cold War. In particular, it chronicles the historic shift in US foreign policy away from "give-away" food aid and surplus sales and toward the championing of global agricultural redevelopment under such programs as the Marshall Plan and PL 480, the Food for Peace program. As more a plowshare than a sword, the American Cold War push for worldwide agricultural modernization led many countries to experience new levels of food self-efficiency and export capabilities. Along with production parity, however, has come escalating levels of trade competition and national protectionism, which challenges again the achievement of world agricultural stability and prosperity.
Authors:
Jacqueline McGlade
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Agricultural history     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0002-1482     ISO Abbreviation:  Agric Hist     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-20     Completed Date:  2009-10-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9885899     Medline TA:  Agric Hist     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-102     Citation Subset:  Q    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture* / economics,  education,  history
Commerce* / economics,  education,  history
Crops, Agricultural / economics,  history
Developing Countries / economics,  history
Europe / ethnology
Food Industry / economics,  education,  history
Food Supply* / economics,  history
History, 20th Century
International Cooperation* / history
Political Systems / history
Politics*
United States / ethnology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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