Document Detail

Morbidity and Mortality after Colorectal Procedures: Comparison of Data from the American College of Surgeons Case Log System and the ACS NSQIP.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21470879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Improving the quality of surgical care depends upon collection of robust data. The American College of Surgeons Case Log System enables surgeons to self-report patient risk factors and outcomes. In contrast, the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) uses trained data abstractors to record similar data and uses a strict data collection methodology. The objective of this study was to assess bias in data entry for colorectal cases by comparing data in these 2 registries. STUDY DESIGN: One year of NSQIP (July 1, 2008 to June 30, 2009) and 7 years of Case Log (2003 to 2010) data were examined. Colorectal cases were identified by current procedural terminology code. The frequencies of comparably defined variables were compared, and mortality models were developed using logistic regression. Observed and expected mortality rates were compared. RESULTS: Rates of most risk factor and outcome variables were significantly higher in NSQIP than those in Case Log. NSQIP had a higher unadjusted mortality rate (4.46% versus 3.69%, p < 0.001); however, the adjusted odds of mortality was significantly higher in Case Log (odds ratio 1.32, p < 0.05). The Case Log model overpredicted mortality in NSQIP by 22%, whereas the NSQIP model underpredicted mortality in Case Log by 12%. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences exist between risk factor and outcome data in NSQIP and Case Log for colorectal procedures. These differences demonstrate the need for standardized data collection methods, as is required by NSQIP, including use of standard definitions, adherence to a follow-up period for outcomes, and use of audits. These measures would improve the validity of using a self-reported database to evaluate and benchmark performance.
Elise H Lawson; Xue Wang; Mark E Cohen; Bruce Lee Hall; Howard Tanzman; Clifford Y Ko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Surgeons     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1190     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9431305     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American College of Surgeons. All rights reserved.
Department of Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles and VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA.
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