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Mood changes, depression and suicide risk during isotretinoin treatment: a prospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23347302     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Depression and mood changes appear as potentional side effects of isotretinoin in the Summary of Product Characteristics. There have been many studies treating this topic but in most cases not identifying any significant depression or suicide risk. To further investigate this issue, we conducted a prospective, uncontrolled study to evaluate mood changes and suicidal ideations in patients receiving isotretinoin therapy. Methods  One-hundred patients were included in our single center, no-blind, and no controlled prospective study. All patients completed the Beck's Depression Inventory, Version II (BDI-II) before the treatment, following the first month of the treatment and then every third month until finishing the isotretinoin therapy. All questionnaires were checked by a psychiatrist. Suicidal ideations were monitored. Statistical analysis of BDI-II scores was performed. Results  All patients completed the study. Before the treatment, six percent of the patients had suffered from depressive symptoms. During the isotretinoin treatment, we did not find any deterioration of depression problems in any of these patients. On the contrary, in most patients the depressive symptoms disappeared. Symptoms of depression occurred in two patients, in which case coexisting situational factors were found to be the cause. No occurrence of suicidal ideations was found. Conclusions  We did not find any depressive symptoms or suicide risk caused by isotretinoin. On the contrary, a statistically significant improvement of BDI-II scores was found. In our opinion, patients have to be informed about the risk of depression but emphasizing the fact that it is very rare.
Authors:
Zuzana Nevoralová; Dagmar Dvořáková
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of dermatology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1365-4632     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243704     Medline TA:  Int J Dermatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  163-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The International Society of Dermatology.
Affiliation:
Department of Dermatovenereology, Jihlava Regional Hospital, Jihlava, Czech Republic Department of Psychiatry, Jihlava Psychiatric Hospital, Jihlava, Czech Republic.
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