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Monosaccharide precursors for boosting chondroitin-like capsular polysaccharide production.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23053067     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chondroitin sulfate is a well-known bioactive molecule, widely used as an anti-osteoarthritis drug, that is nowadays mainly produced by animal tissue sources with unsafe extraction procedures. Recent studies have explored an integrated biotechnological-chemical strategy to obtain a chondroitin sulfate precursor from Escherichia coli K4 capsular polysaccharide, demonstrating the influence of environmental and growth conditions on capsule synthesis. In this research work, the flexibility of the strain biosynthetic machinery was investigated to enhance the K4 capsular polysaccharide production by supplementing the growth medium with the monosaccharides (glucuronic acid, galactosamine and fructose) that constitute the chain. Shake flask experiments were performed by adding the sugars singularly or together, by testing monosaccharide different concentrations and times of addition and by observing the bacterial sugar consumption. A K4 capsular polysaccharide production enhancement, compared to the control, was observed in all cases of supplementation and, in particular, significant 68 and 57 % increases were observed when adding 0.385 mM glucuronic acid plus galactosamine or 0.385 mM fructose, respectively. Increased expression levels of the gene kfoC, coding for a K4 polymerase, evaluated in different growth conditions, confirmed the results at the molecular level. Furthermore, batch fermentations, performed in lab-scale reactors (2 L), allowed to double the K4 capsular polysaccharide production values obtained in shake flask conditions, by means of a strict control of the growth parameters.
Authors:
Odile Francesca Restaino; Irene di Lauro; Donatella Cimini; Elisabetta Carlino; Mario De Rosa; Chiara Schiraldi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied microbiology and biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0614     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406612     Medline TA:  Appl Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Centro Servizi di Ateneo "Grandi Apparecchiature", Second University of Naples, Via De Crecchio 7, 80138, Naples, Italy.
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