Document Detail

Monofetal death in multiple pregnancies: risks for the co-twin, risk factors and obstetrical management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7958148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The intrauterine death of one fetus in the case of multiple pregnancies can have an impact on the development of the surviving twin. Based on a single-centre retrospective personal study of 248 multiple pregnancies, 10 of which presented a monofetal intrauterine death, the authors observed the type of placentation, the age and cause of the death, the way in which pregnancy continued and the outcome of the surviving twin. This investigation also includes a review of published documents. Monochorial pregnancies were more frequently encountered in the case of monofetal death in utero. The etiology of the death was not always found and one surviving twin presented lesions as microcephaly convulsions and was retarded on a psychomotor level. In this series these complications did not exist when the pregnancy was bichorial. The authors conclude by demonstrating the major risk of fetal contamination for a live twin coexisting with a dead twin in the case on monochorial pregnancy. Other parameters (cause of death, gestational age at death, delay and duration of cohabitation), do not seem to be significant. It would appear to be of fundamental importance to establish an accurate diagnosis of placentation and to implement specific surveillance of monochorial pregnancies. A decision tree is suggested for use in the case of monofetal death.
P Gaucherand; R C Rudigoz; J M Piacenza
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0301-2115     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.     Publication Date:  1994 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-12-02     Completed Date:  1994-12-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375672     Medline TA:  Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  111-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Gynaecological and Obstetric Department, Hopital de la Croix Rousse, Lyon, France.
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MeSH Terms
Decision Trees
Fetal Death / complications*,  therapy
Pregnancy Outcome
Pregnancy, Multiple / physiology*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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