Document Detail

Monoclonal gammopathy related to Sjögren syndrome: A key marker of disease prognosis and outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22297146     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the monoclonal expression of SS through the detection of serum monoclonal immunoglobulins (mIgs) in a large series of patients with Sjögren syndrome (SS), focusing on the etiology, characterization and evolution of the monoclonal band and the association with SS clinical expression and outcomes. METHODS: Serum immunoelectrophoresis (IE) was performed to 408 consecutive patients who were evaluated by our unit between 1992 and 2011: 221 patients who fulfilled the 2002 American-European criteria for primary SS, 122 primary SS patients who fulfilled exclusively the 1993 European criteria and 65 patients with SS-associated hepatitis C virus infection. IE was performed at diagnosis and every year during the follow-up. RESULTS: Of the 221 patients with primary SS, 48 (22%) had monoclonal gammopathy. In the control groups, the prevalence was 16% in patients with SS who fulfilled the 1993 criteria (p > 0.05) and 52% in SS-HCV patients (p < 0.001). Monoclonal bands were characterized in 47/48 patients with primary SS: IgG (n = 21), IgM (n = 16), IgA (n = 5) and free light chains (n = 5); the light chain was κ in 28 patients and λ in 19 (κ:λ ratio 1.5). Primary SS patients with monoclonal gammopathy had a higher prevalence of parotidomegaly (38% vs 20%, p = 0.021), vasculitis (21% vs 6%, p = 0.003), neurological involvement (42% vs 23%, p = 0.016), higher mean values of circulating gammaglobulins (23.4 vs 20.6%, p = 0.026), ESR (56.6 vs 37.6 mm/h, p = 0.003), a higher prevalence of RF (69% vs 50%, p = 0.022), low C3 levels (24% vs 11%, p = 0.028), low C4 levels (24% vs 7%, p = 0.003), low CH50 activity (28% vs 11%, p = 0.008) and cryoglobulins (23% vs 8%, p = 0.012) compared with those without monoclonal gammopathy. Of the 48 patients with primary SS and monoclonal gammopathy, 8 developed hematologic neoplasia after a mean follow-up of 10 years, a higher prevalence than observed in patients without monoclonal gammopathy (17% vs 5%, p = 0.009). Survival rates according to the presence or absence of monoclonal gammopathy were 83% and 97%, respectively (log rank 0.004). CONCLUSION: Monoclonal gammopathy was detected in 22% of patients with primary SS fulfilling the 2002 criteria, with mIgGκ being the most frequent type of band detected. In HCV-associated SS patients, the prevalence was higher (52%) with IgMκ being the most prevalent band detected. Monoclonal gammopathy was associated with a higher prevalence of parotid enlargement, extraglandular features, hypergammaglobulinemia, cryoglobulinemia and related markers (rheumatoid factor, hypocomplementemia), and with a poor prognosis (development of neoplasia and death).
Pilar Brito-Zerón; Soledad Retamozo; Myriam Gandía; Miriam Akasbi; Marta Pérez-De-Lis; Candido Diaz-Lagares; Xavier Bosch; Albert Bové; Roberto Pérez-Alvarez; María-José Soto-Cárdenas; Antoni Sisó; Manuel Ramos-Casals
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of autoimmunity     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-9157     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8812164     Medline TA:  J Autoimmun     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Sjögren Syndrome Research Group (AGAUR), Laboratory of Autoimmune Diseases Josep Font, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Department of Autoimmune Diseases, ICMiD, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain.
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