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Monochorionic Triplets Complicated by Fetofetal Transfusion Syndrome: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22922701     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: To compare perinatal outcome in monochorionic (MC) triplets with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) versus dichorionic (DC) triplets with TTTS. Study Design: Retrospective analysis of all triplets with TTTS treated at our center and all cases reported in the literature between 1990 and 2010. Survival and gestational age at birth of MC and DC triplets were compared and stratified by type of intervention. We excluded triplets with one or more fetal deaths <16 weeks' gestation and those with one or more fetuses with congenital anomalies. Results: MC triplets were affected by TTTS in a total of 27 cases, and overall survival was 51% (38/75 fetuses) compared to 105 DC triplets with a survival of 76% (220/291 fetuses) (p < 0.05). Mean gestational age at birth in MC triplets was 28 weeks, compared to 31 weeks in DC triplets (p < 0.05). Perinatal survival of at least one fetus in MC triplet and DC triplet pregnancies was 70% (19/27) and 91% (96/105) (p < 0.05). In DC triplets, survival after laser therapy was significantly improved compared to expectant management, amniodrainage or selective feticide (p < 0.05). Conclusion: MC triplets with TTTS are at a considerably higher risk for perinatal mortality and preterm birth than DC triplets. The optimal strategy to manage MC triplets with TTTS, including the role of selective feticide and laser therapy of all anastomoses, is still to be established.
Authors:
Suzanne H P Peeters; Johanna M Middeldorp; Enrico Lopriore; Frans J Klumper; Dick Oepkes
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fetal diagnosis and therapy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1421-9964     ISO Abbreviation:  Fetal. Diagn. Ther.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107463     Medline TA:  Fetal Diagn Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
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