Document Detail

Monitoring urban streams: strategies and protocols for humid-region lowland systems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11686197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Governmental mandates and public awareness have forced progressively smaller and less sophisticated agencies and organizations to initiate stream monitoring programs, particularly in urban and urbanizing areas. Yet many of these monitoring efforts lack either a coherent conceptual framework or appropriately chosen methods, and they rely on monitoring techniques that are simply infeasible for these institutional settings. We propose a monitoring strategy, and specific existing monitoring protocols, that will be useful for the management and rehabilitation of streams in urbanizing watersheds. A monitoring strategy must be developed by 1) identifying the management question(s) being addressed, 2) determining the institional level of effort required (and available) to effectively make particular kinds of measurements, and 3) identifying what specific parameters should and can be measured. Only a limited set of parameters show much utility or feasibility in addressing the most common management questions being faced by municipalities in urbanizing, humid-area regions of the United States. These include measures of riparian canopy, bank erosion and bank hardening, and in-stream large woody debris. With some additional expertise useful data can also be included on channel gradient, substrate composition, and pools. Nearly all of the other myriad parameters that have been measured historically on rivers and streams show little apparent value in these watershed and institutional settings.
J G Scholz; D B Booth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental monitoring and assessment     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0167-6369     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Monit Assess     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-31     Completed Date:  2002-03-05     Revised Date:  2009-05-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508350     Medline TA:  Environ Monit Assess     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  143-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Urban Water Resources Management, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Data Collection / methods
Environmental Monitoring / methods*
Guidelines as Topic
Quality Control
Reference Values
Water Pollutants / analysis*
Water Supply / standards
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Water Pollutants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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