Document Detail

Monitoring programme on nitrates in vegetables and vegetable-based baby foods marketed in the Region of Valencia, Spain: levels and estimated daily intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20234964     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study was carried out to determine the current levels of nitrates in vegetables and vegetable-based baby foods (a total of 1150 samples) marketed in the Region of Valencia, Spain, over the period 2000-2008, and to estimate the toxicological risk associated with their intake. Average (median) levels of nitrate in lettuce, iceberg-type lettuce and spinach (1156, 798 and 1410 mg kg(-1) w/w, respectively) were lower than the maximum limits established by European Union legislation. Thirteen fresh spinach samples exceeded the regulatory limits. Median nitrate values in other vegetables for which a maximum limit has not been fixed by the European Commission were 196, 203, 1597, 96, 4474 and 2572 mg kg(-1) w/w (for potato, carrot, chard, artichoke, rucola and lamb's lettuce, respectively). The estimated nitrate daily intakes through vegetables consumption for adult, extreme consumers and children were found to be about 29%, 79.8% and 15.1%, respectively, of the acceptable daily intake (3.7 mg kg(-1)). The levels (median = 60.4 mg kg(-1) w/w) found in vegetable-based baby foods were, in all cases, lower the maximum level proposed by European Union legislation. The estimated nitrate daily intake through baby foods for infants between 0-1 and 1-2 years of age were 13% and 18%, respectively, of the acceptable daily intake.
O Pardo-Mar?n; V Yus?-Pelech?; P Villalba-Mart?n; J A Perez-Das?
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1944-0057     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-17     Completed Date:  2010-06-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485040     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  478-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Conselleria de Sanitat, Food Safety Area, Public Health Laboratory of Valencia, Public Health Research Center (CSISP), 46020 Valencia, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Beta vulgaris / chemistry
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Cynara scolymus / chemistry
Daucus carota / chemistry
Infant Food / analysis*
Infant, Newborn
Lettuce / chemistry
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Nitrates / administration & dosage,  analysis*,  toxicity
Quality Control
Reproducibility of Results
Solanum tuberosum / chemistry
Spinacia oleracea / chemistry
Vegetables / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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