Document Detail

Monitoring of intratidal lung mechanics: a Graphical User Interface for a model-based decision support system for PEEP-titration in mechanical ventilation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24549460     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In mechanical ventilation, a careful setting of the ventilation parameters in accordance with the current individual state of the lung is crucial to minimize ventilator induced lung injury. Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has to be set to prevent collapse of the alveoli, however at the same time overdistension should be avoided. Classic approaches of analyzing static respiratory system mechanics fail in particular if lung injury already prevails. A new approach of analyzing dynamic respiratory system mechanics to set PEEP uses the intratidal, volume-dependent compliance which is believed to stay relatively constant during one breath only if neither atelectasis nor overdistension occurs. To test the success of this dynamic approach systematically at bedside or in an animal study, automation of the computing steps is necessary. A decision support system for optimizing PEEP in form of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) was targeted. Respiratory system mechanics were analyzed using the gliding SLICE method. The resulting shapes of the intratidal compliance-volume curve were classified into one of six categories, each associated with a PEEP-suggestion. The GUI should include a graphical representation of the results as well as a quality check to judge the reliability of the suggestion. The implementation of a user-friendly GUI was successfully realized. The agreement between modelled and measured pressure data [expressed as root-mean-square (RMS)] tested during the implementation phase with real respiratory data from two patient studies was below 0.2 mbar for data taken in volume controlled mode and below 0.4 mbar for data taken in pressure controlled mode except for two cases with RMS < 0.6 mbar. Visual inspections showed, that good and medium quality data could be reliably identified. The new GUI allows visualization of intratidal compliance-volume curves on a breath-by-breath basis. The automatic categorisation of curve shape into one of six shape-categories provides the rational decision-making model for PEEP-titration.
S Buehler; S Lozano-Zahonero; S Schumann; J Guttmann
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical monitoring and computing     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2614     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Monit Comput     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806357     Medline TA:  J Clin Monit Comput     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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