Document Detail

Monitoring the fetus in labor: evidence to support the methods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11783684     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) was implemented across the United States in the 1970s. By 1998, it was used in 84% of all U.S. births, regardless of whether the primary caregiver was a physician or a midwife. Numerous randomized trials have agreed that continuous EFM in labor increases the operative delivery rate, without clear benefit to the baby. Intermittent auscultation (IA) is safe and effective in low-risk pregnancies and may play a role in helping birth remain normal. Clinicians and educators are encouraged to reconsider the use of IA in the care of healthy childbearing women.
L L Albers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of midwifery & women's health     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1526-9523     ISO Abbreviation:  J Midwifery Womens Health     Publication Date:    2001 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-09     Completed Date:  2002-01-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100909407     Medline TA:  J Midwifery Womens Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  366-73     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
University of New Mexico College of Nursing, Albuquerque 87131-5688, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Asphyxia Neonatorum / diagnosis,  prevention & control
Auscultation / methods
Cerebral Palsy / physiopathology,  prevention & control
Fetal Distress / diagnosis*
Fetal Monitoring / adverse effects,  methods*
Heart Rate, Fetal / physiology
Infant, Newborn
Labor, Obstetric
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Technology Assessment, Biomedical
United States
Erratum In:
J Midwifery Womens Health 2002 Jan-Feb;47(1):following table of contents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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