Document Detail


Monitoring of atmospheric ozone and nitrogen dioxide over the south of Portugal by ground-based and satellite observations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19654699     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The SPATRAM (Spectrometer for Atmospheric TRAcers Monitoring) instrument has been developed as a result of the collaboration between CGE-UE, ISAC-CNR and Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment (ENEA). SPATRAM is a multi-purpose UV-Vis-scanning spectrometer (250 - 950 nm) and it is installed at the Observatory of the CGE, in Evora, since April 2004. A brief description of the instrument is given, highlighting the technological innovations with respect to the previous version of similar equipment. The need for such measurements automatically taken on a routine basis in south-western European regions, specifically in Portugal, has encouraged the development and installation of the equipment and constitutes a major driving force for the present work. The main features and some improvements introduced in the DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy) algorithms are discussed. The results obtained applying DOAS methodology to the SPATRAM spectrometer measurements of diffused spectral sky radiation are presented in terms of diurnal and seasonal variations of nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) and ozone (O(3)). NO(2) confirms the typical seasonal cycle reaching the maximum of (6.5 +/- 0.3) x 10(+15) molecules cm(-2) for the sunset values (PM), during the summer season, and the minimum of (1.55 +/- 0.07) x 10(+15) molecules cm(-2) for the sunrise values (AM) in winter. O(3) presents the maximum total column of (433 +/- 5) Dobson Unit (DU) in the spring season and the minimum of (284 +/- 3) DU during the fall period. The huge daily variations of the O(3) total column during the spring season are analyzed and discussed. The ground-based results obtained for NO(2) and O(3) column contents are compared with data from satellite-borne equipment (GOME - Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment; SCIAMACHY - Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric CHartographY; TOMS - Total Ozone Monitoring Spectrometer) and it is shown that the two data sets are in good agreement. The correlation coefficient for the comparison of the ground-based/satellite data for O(3) is of 0.97.
Authors:
Daniele Bortoli; Ana Maria Silva; Maria João Costa; Ana Filipa Domingues; Giorgio Giovanelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Optics express     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1094-4087     ISO Abbreviation:  Opt Express     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-05     Completed Date:  2009-11-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137103     Medline TA:  Opt Express     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12944-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Evora Geophysics Centre, University of Evora, Rua Romão Ramalho 59, 7000 Evora, Portugal. d.bortoli@isac.cnr.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algorithms
Atmosphere
Environmental Monitoring / methods*
Equipment Design
Models, Chemical
Nitrogen Dioxide / analysis*
Ozone / analysis*
Portugal
Spectrophotometry / methods
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet / methods*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
10028-15-6/Ozone; 10102-44-0/Nitrogen Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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