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Monitoring Complex Secundum Atrial Septal Defects Percutaneous Closure with Real Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22494196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases. Nowadays, percutaneous closure is considered the treatment of choice in most of secundum ASDs. Assessment of the defect and procedure monitoring have been usually performed by angiographic balloon-sizing and/or two-dimensional (2D) transesophageal echocardiography. However, in complex ASDs these techniques might be inaccurate. Methods: From January 2009 to January 2011 all adult patients with complex ASDs submitted for percutaneous closure were selected. Those defects, where shunts were present through a device previously implanted on the atrial septum or through multiperforated septums, were considered complex ASDs. Two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography and real time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography were performed simultaneously during the percutaneous closure procedure. Number of orifices, relationships between the defect, catheter, and device, as well as residual shunt were assessed. Results: Seven patients were included. Five patients had a multiperforated septum and in two cases the defect in the septum was through a previously implanted device. In all cases, 3D echocardiography was superior to 2D echocardiography in relation to the assessment of the relationship between the defect and the catheter or the device. Mechanisms responsible for residual shunts through a device were also better assessed by 3D echocardiography. Conclusion: Three-dimensional echocardiography is a safe and useful technique when monitoring percutaneous closure of ASDs, showing relevant advantages over 2D echocardiography. (Echocardiography 2012;**:1-6).
Daniel García-Fuertes; Dolores Mesa-Rubio; Martín Ruiz-Ortiz; Mónica Delgado-Ortega; Ignacio Tejero-Mateo; Manuel Pan-Álvarez-Ossorio; José Suárez-de-Lezo; Mercedes Lafuente
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Cardiology, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain.
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