Document Detail

Monge: The Verriest lecture, Lyon, July 2005.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16961961     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In 1789, when neither the physical basis of hue nor the retinal basis of color perception was established, the mathematician Gaspard Monte stated firmly that our color perceptions do not depend on the absolute value of the physical variable, but are influenced by the context and in particular by our estimate of the illuminant. He used this insight to explain color contrast effects and the Paradox of Monge (the desaturation of red objects seen through a red filter). He proposed that we can estimate the chromaticity of the illuminant in any scene because all surfaces reflect to us varying mixtures of (i) the body color and (ii) a specular component that represents the illuminant. He also realized that white objects have a special property: Provided that they are illuminated by a single illuminant, such objects exhibit no variation in chromaticity across their surface. Thus at least one of the unique hues exists as an external reference on which observers can agree. It is suggested that other unique hues may also have a basis in the external world.
John Mollon
Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Lectures; Portraits    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Visual neuroscience     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0952-5238     ISO Abbreviation:  Vis. Neurosci.     Publication Date:    2006 May-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-11     Completed Date:  2006-10-18     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809466     Medline TA:  Vis Neurosci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  297-309     Citation Subset:  IM    
Experimental Psychology, Cambridge University, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Color Perception / physiology*
Contrast Sensitivity / physiology*
History, 18th Century
History, 19th Century
Mathematics / history
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
Gaspard Monge

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Impairment of memory organization in patients with schizophrenia or schizotypal disorder.
Next Document:  Surface color perception in three-dimensional scenes.