Document Detail


Monaural masking release in random-phase and low-noise noise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11325125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two masking-release paradigms thought to involve across-channel processing are comodulation masking release (CMR) and profile analysis. Similarities between these two paradigms were explored by comparing signal detection in maskers that varied only in degree of envelope fluctuation. The narrow-band-noise maskers were 10 Hz wide and their envelope fluctuations were manipulated using the low-noise noise algorithm of Pumplin [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 78, 100-104 (1985)]. Masking conditions included the classic CMR conditions of an on-frequency band, multiple (five) incoherent bands, or multiple coherent bands. Detection was compared using both random-phase noise (RPN) and low-noise noise (LNN) maskers. In one set of conditions, the signal was identical to the on-frequency masker, yielding an intensity discrimination task. Conditions that included RPN maskers and tonal signals resembled the classic CMR paradigm, whereas conditions including LNN and noise signals more closely resembled the classic profile analysis paradigm. Other conditions may be considered hybrids. This combination of conditions provided a wide variety of within- and across-channel cues for detection. The results suggest that CMR and profile analysis could be based upon the same set of stimulus cues and perhaps the same perceptual processes.
Authors:
D A Eddins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  109     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-27     Completed Date:  2001-06-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1538-49     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Communicative Disorders & Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, 14214, USA. deddins@buffalo.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Auditory Perception / physiology*
Auditory Threshold / physiology
Cues
Humans
Noise*
Perceptual Masking*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 DC04403/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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