Document Detail


Molybdenum requirements in low-birth-weight infants receiving parenteral and enteral nutrition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10338223     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Molybdenum (Mo) is an essential trace element required by three enzymatic systems, yet there are no reports of Mo deficiency in infants. Low-birth-weight infants (LBW) might be at risk for Mo deficiency because they are born before adequate stores for Mo can be acquired, they have rapid growth requiring increased intakes, and they frequently receive supplemental parenteral nutrition (SPN) and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) unsupplemented with molybdenum. METHODS: To investigate Mo requirements of LBW infants (n = 16; birth weight, 1336+/-351 g; gestational age, 29.8+/-2.5 weeks; M+/-SD), the authors collected all feeds, urine, and feces prior to TPN (baseline, n = 16, collections = 16), during TPN (n = 9, collections = 19), during SPN (n = 13, collections = 17), and after one week of full oral feeds (FOFs) of formula or human milk (FOF, n = 16, collections = 16). RESULTS: Infant weights at collection times were: 1.3+/-0.3 g, 1.27+/-0.4 g, 1.4+/-0.3 g, and 1.7+/-0.5 g, respectively. Mo intake was 0.03+/-0.1 microg/d, 0.34+/-0.1 microg/d, 1.25+/-1.7 microg/d, and 6.1+/-2.5 microg/d. Mo output was 0.64+/-0.6, 0.34+/-0.5, 0.68+/-0.8, and 4.1+/-2.5 microg/d. Mo balance at these times was -0.60+/-0.5, -0.001+/-0.5, 0.57+/-1.9, and 2.0+/-2.9 microg/d. Mo balance increased with time, yet some infants were always in negative balance, even though Mo intakes exceeded recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: The authors speculate that an intravenous intake of 1 microg/kg/d (10 nmol/kg/d) and an oral intake of 4-6 microg/kg/d (40-60 nmol/kg/d) would be adequate for the LBW infant.
Authors:
J K Friel; A C MacDonald; C N Mercer; S L Belkhode; G Downton; P G Kwa; K Aziz; W L Andrews
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0148-6071     ISO Abbreviation:  JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr     Publication Date:    1999 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-01     Completed Date:  1999-07-01     Revised Date:  2007-02-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7804134     Medline TA:  JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  155-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Janeway Child Health Centre, St John's, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Enteral Nutrition*
Humans
Infant Food
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Milk, Human
Molybdenum / administration & dosage*,  metabolism
Nutritional Requirements*
Parenteral Nutrition*
Parenteral Nutrition, Total
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7439-98-7/Molybdenum

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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