Document Detail


Molecular species of PC and PE formed during castor oil biosynthesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12530559     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
As part of a program to elucidate castor oil biosynthesis, we have identified 36 molecular species of PC and 35 molecular species of PE isolated from castor microsomes after incubations with [14C]-labeled FA. The six [14C]FA studied were ricinoleate, stearate, oleate, linoleate, linolenate, and palmitate, which were the only FA identified in castor microsomal incubations. The incorporation of each of the six FA into PC was better than that into PE. The [14C]FA were incorporated almost exclusively into the sn-2 position of both PC and PE. The incorporation of [14C]stearate and [14C]palmitate into 2-acyl-PC was slower compared to the other four [14C]FA. The incorporation does not show any selectivity for the various lysoPC molecular species. The level of incorporation of [14C]FA in PC was in the order of: oleate > linolenate > palmitate > linoleate > stearate > ricinoleate, and in PE: linoleate > linolenate > oleate > palmitate > stearate > ricinoleate. In general, at the sn-1 position of both PC and PE, linoleate was the most abundant FA, palmitate was the next, and oleate, linolenate, stearate, and ricinoleate were minor FA. The activities of oleoyl-12-hydroxylase, oleoyl-12-desaturase seem unaffected by the FA at the sn-1 position of 2-oleoyl-PC. The FA in the sn-1 position of PC does not significantly affect the activity of phospholipase A2, whereas ricinoleate is preferentially removed from the sn-2 position of PC. The results show that (i) [14C]oleate is most actively incorporated to form 2-oleoyl-PC, the immediate substrate of oleoyl-12-hydroxylase; (ii) 2-ricinoleoyl-PC is formed mostly by the hydroxylation of 2-oleoyl-PC, not from the incorporation of ricinoleate into 2-ricinoleoyl-PC; and (iii) 2-oleoyl-PE is less actively formed than 2-oleoyl-PC.
Authors:
Jiann-Tsyh Lin; Jennifer M Chen; Pei Chen; Lucy P Liao; Thomas A McKeon
Related Documents :
25426269 - Instrument-free exothermic heating with phase change temperature control for paper micr...
10192509 - Antibodies against lysophosphatidylcholine and oxidized ldl in patients with sle.
7619849 - Differential in vitro effects of ethanol on glycerolipid acylation and biosynthesis in ...
9753449 - Modulation of the positional specificity of lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase by the...
1182589 - Inhibition of cardiolipin synthesis by end-products and other complex lipids in membran...
6726229 - Catabolism of n-acylethanolamine phospholipids by dog brain preparations.
22476929 - In vitro propagation of dioscorea alata var. purpurae.
17240399 - Solvent accessibility, residue charge and residue volume, the three ingredients of a ro...
16753249 - Safety evaluation of a medium- and long-chain triacylglycerol oil produced from medium-...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lipids     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0024-4201     ISO Abbreviation:  Lipids     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-17     Completed Date:  2004-01-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060450     Medline TA:  Lipids     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  991-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA, ARS, Western Regional Research Center, Albany, California 94710, USA. jtlin@pw.usda.gov
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Carbon Radioisotopes
Castor Bean / chemistry*,  cytology,  metabolism*
Castor Oil / biosynthesis*,  chemistry
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Microsomes / chemistry,  metabolism
Phosphatidylcholines / analysis*,  isolation & purification
Phosphatidylethanolamines / analysis*,  isolation & purification
Stereoisomerism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbon Radioisotopes; 0/Phosphatidylcholines; 0/Phosphatidylethanolamines; 8001-79-4/Castor Oil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Comparative effect of fenofibrate on hepatic desaturases in wild-type and peroxisome proliferator-ac...
Next Document:  Lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis of TG containing acetylenic FA.