Document Detail


Molecular mobility and relaxation process of isolated lignin studied by multifrequency calorimetric experiments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19209367     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The glass transition of lignin has been studied by multifrequency calorimetric measurements in order to highlight the morphological changes and the dynamic aspects associated to this relaxation process. Influences of water sorption and thermal annealing on molecular mobility have been considered. Additional investigations by thermogravimetry, infra-red spectroscopy and rheometry have been performed to corroborate the claims. The relaxation process of annealed lignin shows a different behaviour as the consequence of micro-structural modifications of lignin. These are explained by redistribution of secondary bonds as well as formation of new interunit linkages. Concerning the dynamic aspects, apparent activation energy, E, and sizes of cooperatively rearranging region, V(crr), have been evaluated respectively from the frequency dependence and heat capacity measurements of the glass transition. Compared to dried lignin, both E and V(crr) significantly decrease in a water-sorbed matrix indicating that the three-dimensional structure presents a higher mobility and is less confined.
Authors:
Nathanael Guigo; Alice Mija; Luc Vincent; Nicolas Sbirrazzuoli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-01-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1463-9076     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-11     Completed Date:  2009-04-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888160     Medline TA:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1227-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Thermokinetic Group, Laboratory of Chemistry of Organic and Metallic Materials C.M.O.M., Institute of Chemistry of Nice (CNRS FR3037), University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 06108, Nice Cedex 2, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Calorimetry, Differential Scanning / methods*
Dehydration
Kinetics
Lignin / chemistry*,  isolation & purification
Molecular Structure
Thermodynamics
Thermogravimetry
Transition Temperature
Water / chemistry
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7732-18-5/Water; 9005-53-2/Lignin

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