Document Detail

Molecular genetics of color vision and color vision defects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10815162     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Color is an extremely important component of the information that we gather with our eyes. Most of us use color so automatically that we fail to appreciate how important it is in our daily activities. It serves as a nonlinguistic code that gives us instant information about the world around us. From observing color, for example, we can find the bee sting on an infant's arm even before it begins to swell by looking for the little spot where the infant's skin is red. We know when fruit is ripe; the ripe banana is yellow not green. We know when meat is cooked because it is no longer red. When watching a football game, we can instantly keep track of the players on opposing teams from the colors of their uniforms. Using color, we know from a distance which car is ours in the parking lot--it is the blue one--and whether we will need to stop at the distant traffic light, even at night, when we cannot see the relative positions of red and green lights.
M Neitz; J Neitz
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of ophthalmology     Volume:  118     ISSN:  0003-9950     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2000 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-24     Completed Date:  2000-05-24     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7706534     Medline TA:  Arch Ophthalmol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  691-700     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226-4812, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Color Perception / genetics*
Color Perception Tests
Color Vision Defects / diagnosis,  genetics*
Molecular Biology
Photoreceptor Cells, Vertebrate / physiology
Retinal Pigments / physiology
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Retinal Pigments

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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