Document Detail


Molecular and genetic basis of sudden cardiac death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23281413     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The abrupt cessation of effective cardiac function due to an aberrant heart rhythm can cause sudden and unexpected death at any age, a syndrome called sudden cardiac death (SCD). Annually, more than 300,000 cases of SCD occur in the United States alone, making this a major public health concern. Our current understanding of the mechanisms responsible for SCD has emerged from decades of basic science investigation into the normal electrophysiology of the heart, the molecular physiology of cardiac ion channels, fundamental cellular and tissue events associated with cardiac arrhythmias, and the molecular genetics of monogenic disorders of heart rhythm. This knowledge has helped shape the current diagnosis and treatment of inherited arrhythmia susceptibility syndromes associated with SCD and has provided a pathophysiological framework for understanding more complex conditions predisposing to this tragic event. This Review presents an overview of the molecular basis of SCD, with a focus on monogenic arrhythmia syndromes.
Authors:
Alfred L George
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review     Date:  2013-01-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical investigation     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1558-8238     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Invest.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-02     Completed Date:  2013-03-11     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802877     Medline TA:  J Clin Invest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  75-83     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  genetics*,  metabolism*,  physiopathology*
Death, Sudden, Cardiac*
Electrophysiological Processes / genetics*
Heart Rate / genetics
Humans
Ion Channels* / genetics,  metabolism
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL068880/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL083374/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ion Channels
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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