Document Detail

Molecular epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11780455     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiologic pattern of subgroups A and B and genotypes of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) during two noncontinuous epidemics during 1990-1991 and 1997-1998 in Beijing. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal secretion (NPS) samples of RSV positive or RSV isolates tested by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) assay were classified into subgroups A and B. Isolates of RSV were divided into at least six different lineages, designated NP1-NP6, by restriction mapping of the N gene. Np1, 3 and 6 were given by subgroup B isolates, while NP2, 4 and 5 were given by subgroup A isolates. Strains of subgroup A were further subdivided into six lineages SHL1-SHL6 on the basis of the SH gene sequence. SH lineages were closely related to each other and to NP1-NP6. Strains of SHL1, 3 and 4 were closely related and belonged to NP2, SHL2 and 6 to NP4, and SHL5 to NP5. RESULTS: Of 145 RSV NPS samples from the 1997-1998 epidemic, 83 (57.2%) were of subgroup B RSV positive, 62 (42.8%) of subgroup A RSV positive. The rate of occurrence of subgroup A to B strains was about 1:1.3. Two of 10 isolates during the epidemic were subgroup A strains, whereas 8 were subgroup B strains. The rate of occurrence of subgroup A to B strains was 1:4. Eight subgroup A strains of 10 isolates from the 1990-1991 epidermic were dominant; the proportion of subgroup A to B strains was 4:1. With 10 RSV isolates in 1997-1998, all 2 subgroup A strains gave N gene fragment restriction pattern NP4, and fell into SH lineage SHL2, whereas 8 subgroup B strains all belonged to NP3. All 8 subgroup A isolates from the 1990-1991 epidemic gave pattern NP4, and fell into SHL2, while 2 subgroup B strains all belonged to NP3. The classification of subgroups A and B deduced from NP patterns corresponded to the definition of these subgroups by monoclonal antibodies. CONCLUSIONS: These observations confirm that subgroups A and B or multiple lineages of RSV co-circulated in Beijing, but different genome types predominated each year. Moreover, very similar viruses were isolated up to more than 5 years ago, indicating that despite apparent diversity of the subgroup A strains, the separate lineages might be relatively stable.
X Kong; H Shou; C Liu; Z Jiang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  114     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-08     Completed Date:  2002-02-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  364-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100045, China.
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MeSH Terms
Nucleocapsid / genetics
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Respiratory Syncytial Viruses / classification*,  genetics
Restriction Mapping
Retroviridae Proteins, Oncogenic / genetics
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Retroviridae Proteins, Oncogenic; 0/small hydrophobic protein, virus

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